Governors Ask Biden Administration to Expand the Market for Higher-Octane Gasoline in New Fuel Economy Rule 

Source: By Governors' Biofuels Coalition • Posted: Thursday, July 22, 2021

High-Octane Ethanol Should Replace Carcinogenic Gasoline Aromatics  

Today, Minnesota Governor Tim Walz and South Dakota Governor Kristi Noem sent a letter to the Biden Administration pointing out the role that higher-octane ethanol could play in meeting the Administration’s climate and public health goals. Governor Walz is the chair and Governor Noem is the vice chair of the Governors’ Biofuels Coalition. 

The governors’ letter focuses on the timeliness of the expanded use of ethanol now: “As the Office of Management and Budget continues to review the Safe Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) rule, there is a great opportunity to meet the Administration’s goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve air quality while providing continued growth of the nation’s biofuels industry.” 

The governors pointed out that a higher-octane requirement in the SAFE rule will allow “… automakers to increase engine efficiency and achieve the objectives of the proposed SAFE rule.  The use of low carbon fuels such as ethanol will ensure … octane does not come from carcinogenic aromatics that release fine particulate emissions associated with respiratory diseases that affect all Americans, especially vulnerable populations and those living in urban areas.”  

As the U.S. Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Lab points out, ethanol is a superior octane and is an environmentally safer substitute than oil-derived, benzene-based octane. The use of direct injection engines to improve fuel efficiency has increased emissions of the most dangerous ultrafine particles.  The use of high-octane low carbon fuels would reverse that trend.  But, the governors cautioned, “[t]he adoption of a revised SAFE rule that does not significantly reduce gasoline aromatics will be a missed opportunity to reduce fine particle pollution while maintaining the health and vibrancy of our rural communities.” 

The governors concluded by emphasizing the potential win-win opportunity for both the ethanol industry and the nation.  “We have seen firsthand how the ethanol industry has transformed and revived rural communities while reducing harmful emissions.  A revised SAFE rule that provides an expanded market for high-octane ethanol is a means to reduce GHGs and harmful air emissions, provide much needed economic stability in rural America and provide countless health and economic benefits to all Americans.”