Ethanol can play role in climate, health goals

Source: By Jacqui Fatka, Farm Progress • Posted: Monday, July 26, 2021

Governors’ Biofuels Coalition sends letter highlighting timeliness of the expanded use of ethanol now.

The governors’ letter to EPA Administrator Michael Young and Office of Management and Budget Acting Director Shalanda Young focuses on the timeliness of the expanded use of ethanol now: “As the Office of Management and Budget continues to review the Safe Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) rule, there is a great opportunity to meet the administration’s goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve air quality while providing continued growth of the nation’s biofuels industry.”

Despite consumer trends toward hybrid and electric vehicles, the reality is that Americans will continue to rely on liquid fuels for decades to come, the letter adds. “The administration should pursue a balanced approach to fuel economy standards that acknowledges this reality and provides greater market access for home-grown energy sources with a proven track record of reducing emissions while supporting American jobs. High-octane domestic biofuels like ethanol provide an opportunity to significantly reduce GHGs and improve air quality today and into the future.”

The governors point out that a higher-octane requirement in the SAFE rule will allow automakers to increase engine efficiency and achieve the objectives of the proposed SAFE rule. “The use of low carbon fuels such as ethanol will ensure that octane does not come from carcinogenic aromatics that release fine particulate emissions associated with respiratory diseases that affect all Americans, especially vulnerable populations and those living in urban areas,” the letter adds.

As the U.S. Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Lab points out, ethanol is a superior octane and is an environmentally safer substitute than oil-derived, benzene-based octane. The use of direct injection engines to improve fuel efficiency has increased emissions of the most dangerous ultrafine particles. The use of high-octane low carbon fuels would reverse that trend. As the governors caution: “The adoption of a revised SAFE rule that does not significantly reduce gasoline aromatics will be a missed opportunity to reduce fine particle pollution while maintaining the health and vibrancy of our rural communities.”

The governors conclude by emphasizing the potential win-win opportunity for both the ethanol industry and the nation. “We have seen firsthand how the ethanol industry has transformed and revived rural communities while reducing harmful emissions. A revised SAFE rule that provides an expanded market for high-octane ethanol is a means to reduce GHGs and harmful air emissions, provide much needed economic stability in rural America and provide countless health and economic benefits to all Americans.”